One of the major challenges in designing and implementing policies and investments on antimicrobial resistance is the lack of good quality data. The FAO Statistics Division, the FAO Animal Production and Health Division and the Uganda Bureau of Statistics have therefore joined forces to improve the quantity and quality of data on antimicrobial use (AMU) in livestock farming. They have developed and implemented a method to include AMU questions on antibiotics use in the Uganda annual agricultural survey, which is a nationally representative survey regularly undertaken by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics. Results show that AMU antibiotics use is considerable among livestock keeping households (35%), who use antibiotics not only for curative treatment (~58%) but also for disease prevention (~44%) and growth promotion (~5%). There is a strong positive correlation between herd size and antibiotics use; cattle keepers are significantly more likely to use antibiotics than small ruminant and poultry keepers; use of antibiotics in animal farming does not significantly differ between male and female headed households. Marginal changes in the existing statistical system can provide an effective, low-cost and sustainable way to periodically gather information on AMU. The Ministry in charge of livestock and the National Statistics Office should consider closely cooperating to regularly produce and analyze good quality data on antibiotics use in animal farming, as well as on any other livestock-related matter.