Webinar | Synergies and Tradeoffs in Sustainable Agriculture (May 12) - Shared screen with speaker view
FAO North America
Welcome to today’s webinar on synergies and tradeoffs in sustainable agriculture!
FAO North America
Join the conversation on Twitter using #SustainableAg and follow us @FAONorthAmerica!
FAO North America
Please use the Q&A box to post your questions!
FAO North America
Read the full speaker bios: https://bit.ly/2SY6FwS
FAO North America
Good morning, good afternoon, and good evening to all!
Larry Schaefer
It would help if someone with authority could define “sustainable agriculture”.
FAO North America
Please submit your questions in the Q&A box!
FAO North America
Yes we will share a summary of the literature review after the webinar
FAO North America
Learn more about SDG Indicator 2.4.1 - Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture here http://www.fao.org/sustainable-development-goals/indicators/241/en/
FAO North America
Methodological Note: http://www.fao.org/3/ca7154en/ca7154en.pdf
FAO North America
You can find all SDG Indicators under FAO Custodianship here http://www.fao.org/sustainable-development-goals/indicators/en/
Heather Jacobs
Why select indicators as a first step before looking at policies/measures in place and defining the trajectory, sustainability pathways? It seems like steps 2 and 3 should be done first before selecting indicators -- so that they can inform the selection of indicators
FAO North America
All SDG Goals, Targets and Indicators can be found here https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/database/
FAO North America
Please submit your questions in the Q&A box, and specify whom your question is directed to.
FAO North America
Yes, we will share the presentations after the webinar!
Thomas Duffy
Comment: One other factor that could be included in Xin Zhang’s presentation - the rising levels of food insecurity even while agricultural production increases speaks to access issues on the parts of populations, which is more of an economic and political question. I think this is one of the key points of UNSCR 2417.
Larry Schaefer
That was impressive!
Ece Aksoy
It's really very good study and presentation, thanks Xin!
Ece Aksoy
we cant see the presentation Elisa
FAO North America
There is currently no presentation
Beate Scherf
Very interesting presentations. Affortability is a major issue in developing countries and this has been analysed in great detail in the fortcoming State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020 that is currently being finalized
Remegio Confesor
For Xin, impressive report! Have you examined other variables (e.g., soil erosion, phosphorus yields, etc.) in the trade-off/synergy analysis?
Julian Schnetzer
COMMENT: A recent FAO publication has mapped potential synergies and trade-offs between climate-smart agriculture (CSA) and SDG targets (Climate-smart agriculture and the Sustainable Development Goals: Mapping interlinkages, synergies and trade-offs and guidelines for integrated implementation; http://www.fao.org/3/ca6043en/ca6043en.pdf). It can serve as an entry point to identifying potential synergies and trade-offs in sustainable agriculture, in particular with respect to productivity, resilience and GHG mitigation.
Carl Wahl
The link was not working, but a search on the document number gave http://www.fao.org/publications/card/en/c/CA6043EN/
Carl Wahl
In America, "the big get bigger and the small get out" https://www.marketwatch.com/story/trump-agriculture-secretary-says-during-wisconsin-visit-that-family-run-dairy-farms-may-not-survive-2019-10-03
Most developing countries will experience raised prices of traditional energy resources and Farmer's revenues will be reduced and will be needed to integrate the greet technologies and green innovations in Farming, Food Processing and Production, Packaging and Marketing. Many will look to grants for financing green technologies and what would you urge the National Governments and Policy Makers (financial Institutions, Donors, Funds) to prioritize to ensure continuity of Green Technologies integration for reducing traditional energy resources usage and minimize the negative impact on the environment that is sure to follow?  Kakha NADIRADZE AFRD Georgia Many thanks! Great Presentation!
Brian Wee
the FAO folks in DC should talk with Congresswoman Pingree's office on the Ag Resilience Act (HR 5861) introduced in February of this year to share some of the lessons from this very excellent series of talks
Kiruba Krishnaswamy
amazing comments - farmers voice - thank you sir!
Carl Wahl
Question: Looking at the agriculture world at large, there is a great deal of risk (financial, social, etc.) in farming associated with change (as Mr. Yoder has mentioned). That risk is considerably higher when you look at small-scale farmers in developing countries who often live hand-to-mouth. How would you propose mitigating those risks associated with change?
Shiney Varghese
This is not a question, but rather a comment addressing all participants, in the context of COVID 19.
Shiney Varghese
The panelists are asked to discuss tradeoffs (and synergies) between various SDGs. There seems to be certain assumption that needs problematizing. In the context of SDG 2 these tradeoffs are envisaged to arise from future investments in agricultural production to meet SDG2. Clearly the path nations have adopted in the past pitted various other SDG topics --biodiversity etc,. against each other. This was because every development plan was an end in itself and the implications of a project there was no pre-assessment for its holistic-ecological-footprints ( simultaneous assessment of biodiversity +water +climate etc.) nor its implications for socio-economic implications, or temporal or spatial considerations, just on food productivity.
Shiney Varghese
There have been increasing awareness of the ills of such narrow approaches to development, but even now, despite the increased focus on resource use efficiency improvement, resilience and socioeconomic considerations, the new agricultural developments continue to be informed by similar world view, but with a new focus on sustainable intensification. A holistic assessment of most Sustainable Intensification systems (including climate smart agriculture) show that we still need to talk about tradeoffs, as it still pits one SDG goal with another.
Shiney Varghese
But there is another path, that FAO has been working on. In 2018, FAO's ag committee approved-10 elements of agroecology shows that AE approaches offer a synergetic ag-development path, and takes into consideration even the normative, temporal and spatial tradeoffs that were discussed. It is time that those 10 principles are put at the center of SDG2, so that future investments especially the public investments go in support of food and Ag that are premised on AE principles. The FAO division working on AE has a number of examples of food producers, farmers and indigenous peoples experience of agroecological transitions at local levels, enhancing the food security of the food producers and workers engaged in food production. and with civil society support they seem to be spreading regionally.
Shiney Varghese
In north America, where such principles are put at center, the productivity has proven to be comparable or even better that of highly productive conventional agriculture. It is time that those 10 principles are put at the center of SDG2, so as to help address all SDGs, including addressing poverty. In the wake of COVID_19, we observe massive reverse migration to rural areas, and where local food systems /AE approaches are present, rural communities are able to meet their basic needs much better than other regions, especially in the global south, but even in the north.In the USA demand for food from community supported agriculture is on the rise, even as conventional farmers are forced to mow their produce and dump their milk. These considerations should inform future direction of agricultural investments. And as the presenter from Ohio speaks the economic viability of farmers and food system workers have to be put at the center, not that of agricultural corporations who now influence policy making.Put f
Shiney Varghese
Put food producers and consumers at the center.
Beate Scherf
We are not facing a lack of calories but a lack of nutrients. Nutrient-dense foods are lacking (not produced) in many countries including the USA (fruits and vegetables!).
Hilary Swain
Can you please post the link to the literature review in the chat
FAO North America
Find out more about FAO's Work on Sustainable Agriculture here: http://www.fao.org/sustainability/en/
Shiney Varghese
The 10 elements of agroecology in support of a systems approach : Full text available at: http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/I9037EN
Larry Schaefer
Thanks Tom
FAO North America
Thank you for joining today’s webinar on synergies and tradeoffs in sustainable agriculture!
FAO North America
You can find our upcoming webinars here: http://www.fao.org/north-america/en/
Julian Schnetzer
Thanks a lot!