Embedding agroecology elements in NDCs (Europe & Asia) - Shared screen with speaker view
Martial Bernoux
Welcome to all!
Yasmin Ismail
Hi, I am Yasmin Ismail, from CUTS International Geneva. Thank you for the invitation.
Maryline Darmaun
Hello everyone, great to see some known faces ! I am Maryline Darmaun, previsouly FAO and now PhD Student in the French Research Institute IRD (research on the multi-criteria assessment of agroecological transition)
Martial Bernoux
The potential of agroecology to build climate-resilient livelihoods and food systems : Download it here:https://doi.org/10.4060/cb0438en
Martial Bernoux
Martial Bernoux
Summary in French:www.fao.org/3/cb0486fr/cb0486fr.pdfSummary in German:www.fao.org/3/cb0486de/cb0486de.pdf
Martina Fleckenstein
Download link: Enhancing NDCs for Food Systems https://wwfeu.awsassets.panda.org/downloads/wwf_ndc_food_final_low_res.pdf
Gisele Henriques
One of the main issues is policy coherence. FAO has been great with agroecology but in some countries (Zimbabwe for instance), that is not getting into government policy. We need more coherence and deepen the dissemination of the potential of agroecology.
Giulia Maria Galbiati
Dear participants, You can also raise your hand in the Zoom platform and we can open your microphone to speak if you would like to share your experience
Emma Siliprandi
It would be interesting to work closely with decision makers in the country level. One example is the Food Policy Forum for Change that was launched by Biovision, IFOAM and Millenium Institute, and supported by FAO and other organizations. The objective is to create more awareness on how agroecokogy and other sustainable approaches could be part of the policies, not only on agriculture.
Doina Popusoi
(to attendees as well): An interesting example of agroecology applied at a larger scale is the 650 ha Aurora farm in Argentina, producing agroecologically since 1997. http://www.fao.org/agroecology/database/detail/en/c/443569/
Yasmin Ismail
For Countries to incorporate Agroecology and a holistic food system approach in their NDCs, they would also need to have some indication of what would it cost them to adopt agroecology methods across the system, so the cost of the transition itself to agroecological methods. They would also need to know if agroecological methods when adopted will be cost-effective or lower the costs from production to consumption. The studies do they provide any indication on the cost of transition and evidence that agroecology reduces the costs?
Emma Siliprandi
To Yasmin: the study of Aurora Farm that Doina Popusoi mentioned also covered economic issues, but at a farm level.
Valérie Dermaux
yes Martial, and in the EU NDC there are mostly just objectives in term of mitigation, not practices behind
Emma Siliprandi
Who is in charge of the revision of the NDCs in the country level? Agricultural or Environmental sectors only? There are problems in terms of having more multidisciplinary vision?
Valérie Dermaux
and at EU level all EU member state will not have the same way of implementing
Doina Popusoi
IFAD is currently working on developing an Economic Financial Analysis instrument on agroecology to cost benefits and avoided negative externalities at the ecosystem level. Further updates will be coming in the following months, hoping to better support this discussion.
Doina Popusoi
my apologies: IFAD carrying on this work in collaboration with FAO.
Yasmin Ismail
at Doina and Emma: Any English version of this study of Aurora Farm?
Emma Siliprandi
I am not sure, but I can search it.
Doina Popusoi
Dear Yasmin, the Aurora farm is mentioned in the UN High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, July 2020 - Session on Protecting the planet and building resilience (https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/26602Answers_to_guiding_questions_Georgina_Catacora_Vargas.pdf)
Yasmin Ismail
At Don Syme, good point on the subsidies restrictions... An idea of how this transition can be supported or financed needs to be looked into...
Jimena Gomez
@Yasmin, here you have an english summary of the study http://www.fao.org/agroecology/detail/en/c/443569/
Yasmin Ismail
@Jimena and Doina, thank you...
Doina Popusoi
"The Aurora” Farm (650 hectares) combines sequential legume-cereal crop associations followed by, in the same plot, free-range double purpose cattle after the cereal harvest, which is used for organic flour processing. This biodiverse system results in similar productivity than neighboring conventional farms (5.1 ton/ha in agroecological vs. 5.4 in conventional) and production stability even in periods of drought, with lower direct costs (USD 148/ha in agroecological vs. USD 417/ha in conventional) and with a higher return rate (5.15 in agroecological vs.1.31 in conventional). This case shows high ecological, climate and economic performance."
Maryline Darmaun
About the focus on the objective (the what) in the NDCs and the lack of focus on the approaches-practices (the how) => maybe this could be solved by promoting more science-Policy interfaces? = more technical discussions on the how, bringing together scientists, technical experts together with decision-makers. These discussions could also provide concrete pathways of transition (thus bridgnig the what and the how)
Valérie Dermaux
thanks it was interesting!
Yasmin Ismail
Thank for this interesting meeting... looking forward to the future ones...
Doina Popusoi
Thanks for the interesting discussion!
Emma Siliprandi
Thanks everyone!
Maryline Darmaun
Thanks for this good Opportunity, keep on Walking the talk ;)
Maylina St-Louis
Please let us know whether you would be interested in attending future sessions on the topic of agroecology, and which sub-topics you would like to explore in relation to agroecology. Thank you!