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Hi, I am Yasmin Ismail, from CUTS International Geneva. Thank you for the invitation.
Hello everyone, great to see some known faces ! I am Maryline Darmaun, previsouly FAO and now PhD Student in the French Research Institute IRD (research on the multi-criteria assessment of agroecological transition)
The potential of agroecology to build climate-resilient livelihoods and food systems : Download it here:https://doi.org/10.4060/cb0438en
Summary in French:www.fao.org/3/cb0486fr/cb0486fr.pdfSummary in German:www.fao.org/3/cb0486de/cb0486de.pdf
Download link: Enhancing NDCs for Food Systems https://wwfeu.awsassets.panda.org/downloads/wwf_ndc_food_final_low_res.pdf
One of the main issues is policy coherence. FAO has been great with agroecology but in some countries (Zimbabwe for instance), that is not getting into government policy. We need more coherence and deepen the dissemination of the potential of agroecology.
Giulia Maria Galbiati
Dear participants, You can also raise your hand in the Zoom platform and we can open your microphone to speak if you would like to share your experience
It would be interesting to work closely with decision makers in the country level. One example is the Food Policy Forum for Change that was launched by Biovision, IFOAM and Millenium Institute, and supported by FAO and other organizations. The objective is to create more awareness on how agroecokogy and other sustainable approaches could be part of the policies, not only on agriculture.
(to attendees as well): An interesting example of agroecology applied at a larger scale is the 650 ha Aurora farm in Argentina, producing agroecologically since 1997. http://www.fao.org/agroecology/database/detail/en/c/443569/
For Countries to incorporate Agroecology and a holistic food system approach in their NDCs, they would also need to have some indication of what would it cost them to adopt agroecology methods across the system, so the cost of the transition itself to agroecological methods. They would also need to know if agroecological methods when adopted will be cost-effective or lower the costs from production to consumption. The studies do they provide any indication on the cost of transition and evidence that agroecology reduces the costs?
To Yasmin: the study of Aurora Farm that Doina Popusoi mentioned also covered economic issues, but at a farm level.
yes Martial, and in the EU NDC there are mostly just objectives in term of mitigation, not practices behind
Who is in charge of the revision of the NDCs in the country level? Agricultural or Environmental sectors only? There are problems in terms of having more multidisciplinary vision?
and at EU level all EU member state will not have the same way of implementing
IFAD is currently working on developing an Economic Financial Analysis instrument on agroecology to cost benefits and avoided negative externalities at the ecosystem level. Further updates will be coming in the following months, hoping to better support this discussion.
my apologies: IFAD carrying on this work in collaboration with FAO.
at Doina and Emma: Any English version of this study of Aurora Farm?
I am not sure, but I can search it.
Dear Yasmin, the Aurora farm is mentioned in the UN High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, July 2020 - Session on Protecting the planet and building resilience (https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/26602Answers_to_guiding_questions_Georgina_Catacora_Vargas.pdf)
At Don Syme, good point on the subsidies restrictions... An idea of how this transition can be supported or financed needs to be looked into...
@Yasmin, here you have an english summary of the study http://www.fao.org/agroecology/detail/en/c/443569/
@Jimena and Doina, thank you...
"The Aurora” Farm (650 hectares) combines sequential legume-cereal crop associations followed by, in the same plot, free-range double purpose cattle after the cereal harvest, which is used for organic flour processing. This biodiverse system results in similar productivity than neighboring conventional farms (5.1 ton/ha in agroecological vs. 5.4 in conventional) and production stability even in periods of drought, with lower direct costs (USD 148/ha in agroecological vs. USD 417/ha in conventional) and with a higher return rate (5.15 in agroecological vs.1.31 in conventional). This case shows high ecological, climate and economic performance."
About the focus on the objective (the what) in the NDCs and the lack of focus on the approaches-practices (the how) => maybe this could be solved by promoting more science-Policy interfaces? = more technical discussions on the how, bringing together scientists, technical experts together with decision-makers. These discussions could also provide concrete pathways of transition (thus bridgnig the what and the how)
thanks it was interesting!
Thank for this interesting meeting... looking forward to the future ones...
Thanks for the interesting discussion!
Thanks for this good Opportunity, keep on Walking the talk ;)
Please let us know whether you would be interested in attending future sessions on the topic of agroecology, and which sub-topics you would like to explore in relation to agroecology. Thank you!